having the eyes of your mind enlightened, that you may know what is the hope of his calling, and what are the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the holy ones,
having the eyes of your mind enlightened -
Paul may have Psalm 13:3 in mind here:
- Ephesians 1:18
Psalm 13:3Regardless, the theme of light/dark in the Old Testament is a metaphor for those under God's judgement and lacking His favor. Paul has already stressed that they have God's favor in previous verses. It is not that kind of enlightenment that they need but rather enlightenment of their understanding.
Behold, and answer me, Yahweh, my God. Enlighten my eyes, lest I sleep in death;
that you may know - Paul wants them to know, in contrast to the false teaching of secret knowledge
what is the hope of his calling - It was Israel who had been called by God, but Paul is saying here that they have all been called by God and he is the hope of there salvation just as He was for Israel.
what are the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the holy ones - Some Jews were looking towards the riches and glory that would come in their inheritance. Paul points instead to God's inheritance. The more holy ones who believed in Christ, the larger was God's inheritance. In Isaiah, God's glory is the light that brings Israel out of darkness, so Paul uses the term "glory" to tie in with "enlightened".